Its vegetation , studied since 1971 by the botanist Cavanilles, is home to over 300 species that form a plant community with important Valencian endemic species, including some of the most threatened Iberian flora . It also has a diverse fauna which is emphasized by the presence of migratory, vagrant, and nesting birds like Eleonora’s falcon or the cormorant as well as 80 other varieties.

Lichens, algae, sponges, and various fish also live among the marine flora and fauna that inhabit its cliffs. In addition, the important presence of colonies of Mediterranean algae and coral are an indicator of the good condition of the waters.